As we've seen previously, the Fall of the Watchers in the Book of Enoch was clearly based on the fall of the Titans, which connects us not only to the Prometheus universe (so to speak) but also to the Fall of Lucifer and his rebel angels, which in turn takes us back to the Sumerian rebels, fighting the Akkadian occupation from encampments in the rugged mountains to the north, in modern-day Kurdistan.
Remember that Sumer means "Land of the Watchers." And do note that we're seeing history repeat itself today...
A LONG TIME AGO...
This "War in Heaven" was a rebellion against the first recorded attempt to create a "new world order"-- an insurrection that was ultimately successful, despite the spin texts like Enoch and Paradise Lost might put on it. Gilgamesh was written when the Sumerians regained power, and the original Fall narrative probably was as well.
But as we'll see there is evidence that Lucifer was originally a symbol of resistance to imperial tyranny and foreign occupation.
The original Luke Skywalker.
This role was handed down to his archetypal descendant Prometheus, who as we saw, is linked to several Mesopotamian myths, and is an obvious figure of rebellion and resistance against a usurper, in this case Zeus.
Prometheus is linked to the Sumerian Lucifer in numerous ways: their iconography, their functions, their powers. I believe that Prometheus was ultimately born in the gold mines of the Caucasus, where the Sumerian rebels went to raise money for their insurrection. I believe we have very compelling evidence of their mission in one of history's most popular myths.
Although the story was obviously changed to suit Greek tastes, Prometheus' prophecy of Thetis- an Oceanid, or archaic, probably pre-Greek deity- bearing a child to Zeus that would overthrow him may well be based on the overthrow of the Sargon dynasty and the restoration of the Sumerian line.
This is borne out in Prometheus' dialogues with the Oceanids', which sound very much like a discourse on Sumerian politics under Sargon. (read lines like "a harsh monarch now rules who is accountable to no one.")
Thetis would eventually give birth to Achilles. Scholars agree that "Achilles" is a pre-Greek name, but disagree on the sources. In the context of Prometheus as the Sumerian Lucifer in disguise and his prophecy of the unjust king's overthrow by his own son, couldn't Achilles be derived from Akkad, as in Sargon of Akkad?
I'm just barely scratching the surface here (doing all the math involved here is beyond the reach of a blog), but as with the Fall narrative, all the pieces fall neatly into place, gently and gracefully, if you look beyond Greece and plug Sumer into the equation.
Sumer, which was impossibly ancient before there even was a Greece. Sumer, whose myths were passed down and recorded in the great libraries of Babylon, where the great scholars of Greece went on pilgrimages to study texts written thousands of years before they were born.
The Lucifer known to the Sumerians was a very complex figure indeed; on one hand a patron god of craftsmen and scholars, but also a god identified with the destructive force of fire.
Gibil was also known as Girra, or "The Shining One." That's the same name as Helel, the name cited as Lucifer in some translations of Isaiah.
I believe that Gibil would become a secret god, a secret supreme god to these rebels, a status made evident in the Prometheus myths. I also believe that because he's said to have a mind "so vast that all the gods, all of them, cannot fathom it" in the Enuma Elish.
That sounds like esoteric knowledge to me.That there was a secret yet powerful tradition connected to this god seems obvious to me in the etymology of two well-known figures in the Middle East today:
I believe Gibil would later come to be known as Iblis, the flame-born fallen one in the Koran. And most probably the Melek Taus of the Yazidi (Girra's temple was called the é-me-lám-huš).Remember that the Yazidi are Kurds, so Kurdistan is exactly where we'd look for evidence of special reverence for Gibil.
In fact, as far back as Saladin, there was a tradition that the Kurds traced their descent to Iblis.
But given that the Zagros Mountains- ground zero for the Sumerian resistance- run straight through the middle of Kurdistan perhaps the real origin of their people can be traced to the Sumerian followers of Gibil, the fire god, god of weaponry, metal-workers, masons and, of course, secret knowledge.
WHAT'S IN A NAME?
Given how newsworthy all of this has become again-- it almost seems as if this very ancient history is replaying itself as I write-- we need to look again at the etymology of Lucifer in the West and how it came to be.
It's a goddamned mess:
Stopping at Old English leoht or liht (light), we could easily trace the source of LIGHT to להט LaHaDT ("flaming," "fiery" - Genesis3:24). With German licht (light—alo Dutch and Yiddish) and the alleged Indo-European “root” leuk (light, brightness), an etymon with a K or guttural seems better, like דלק DaLaQ ,to burn, in Hebrew, Aramaic and Syriac (DiLaQ – it burned). A burning, feverish “inflammation” is דלקת DaLeQeT in Deuteronomy 28:22.Hmm, move the T, carry the G, hold the Z, but not after D...does this make any sense to anybody?
One gets from Dalet-Lamed-Koof to L-K-T by moving the Dalet (now a T after a dental shift) from the beginning to the end of the word.
(Hi)DLeeYQ (to light, kindle) after ths same M312 methathesis resembles lecht and licht. Aramaic D’LeeYQTAh (fire) sounds closer to licht, but only because of the common Tahf-Aleph suffix that helps make Aramaic a degree less “Edenic” than Biblixcal Hebrew. The LK element (plus the dental) should light the way to words like LUCID and ELECTRIC. (Greek Elektra means shining one.) Ignore the Ys and N to better see why the Welsh ray of light, llygedyn , is another scrambled Dalet-Lamed-Koof.
It is hard to see in English, but opposites LIGHT and DARK both have a dental (D/T), liquid (L/R) and guttural (GH/K) because their Hebrew etymons are designed antonyms: Dalet-Lamed-Het and Dalet-Lamed-Koof. See a few Semitic “dark” words at DARK.
A Noon/ N → L change might allow NoaGaH (to shine, be bright) to reinforce Indo-European “root” leuk.
I'm including this wordhash for a reason- to show you just how Byzantine etymology can get. And just how tenuous word origins can actually be.
Keep that all that fresh in your mind as we proceed with our analysis here.
SO, ON THE OTHER HAND...
One thing struck me when I was looking at this "Fall" story-- that can be traced to both "Man" and "Lucifer"--it all starts with a Lugal.
Lu-GAL literally means "Big Man." LU- man, GAL- big.
Lu is Sumerian for man.
Then we have the fire god (and god of infinite knowledge) Girra, "The Shining One." That's the same definition as Helel, or Lucifer in the Bible.
LU. GIRRA. Man. Fire God.
I'm not touching that one...
Meaning "shining ones" or "shining sky beings." (see very weird glyph)
So we see how Gir-- shining-- is used in a compound word. So try this:
Shining man. Or "man who shines." But there's another piece of the puzzle missing.
The word BASI means "to bring" in Sumerian, from BASU, meaning "to be."
And when dealing with light specifically instead of fire, GIS is used instead of GIR (as in EGISNUGAL or GISNU or GISSU). So...
LU. GIS. BASI.
Meaning, "Man who brings the light."
Now, G and C are closely-related consonants. In fact, C originally comes from G. So we can actually use them interchangeably here.
LU. CIS. BASI.
Following this rule, we could also render LU.GIRRA as LU.CIRRA. Remember that the Latin roots for Lucifer are lux ferre. Devilishly close, no?
Now, the Sumerians didn't seem to have a V or F. They seemed to use "B" for their labiodental consonant sounds. So we could substitute a F or V, making allowance for translation and linguistic idiosyncracies.
This isn't even close to an issue when you're dealing with languages. Note there are about five thousand completely different spellings of Nebuchadnezzar (give or take) or the fact that "Christ" or Christos comes from khriein, "mystery" or mysterion comes from myein and so on and so forth).
So trading out that S for an R in BASI wouldn't even raise a linguist's eyebrow (scroll back up to that etymologist hash on Lucifer I pulled for you just in case you think it might). In fact one of Gibil's variant names is GIS.BAR. But we'll keep it in for argument's sake.
LU. CIS. FASI. Meaning, "Man who brings the light."
In other words, LU. GIS. BASI --which we could just as easily render as LU.CIS.FARI-- has the same exact meaning as "Lucifer."
The same basic word, the same exact meaning. If we're not worried about that "bring/bear" element, LU.CIRRA ("Gibil's Man or Messenger") or LU.CIS ("Man of Light") hits the spot just as well, thank you.
In a language that was more ancient to the Romans than they are to us. A language- and a people- the Romans seemed to have no knowledge of at all.
Straight-up, no spaceships or secret decoder rings needed. One-to-one correspondence. From the Sumerian LU. GIS. BASI (or LU.GIS.BAR, using Gibil's variant name) to the Latin "Lucifer" isn't even a jump, it's barely a half-step, etymologically-speaking.
JUST IN CASE YOU WERE WONDERING...
In case this seems even remotely like a stretch, remember the Greek "Sargon" is derived from the Akkadian Sarru-kinu, Osiris comes from Wsjr (!), Jesus comes from Y'shua, James comes from Ya'acov, Solomon comes from Sh'lomoh, Jupiter comes from Dies Pitar, Cyrus comes from Khurvash, Nepththys comes from Nebet-Het, York comes from Eboracum, Jersey comes from Caesarea and so on and so forth all the way down the line.
And there's a whole host of names scholars can't figure out at all.
And again, Girra/Gibil also connects us to Melek Taus and Iblis, two related modern characters that seem especially resonant these days. So if you're wondering how this language would be passed down to the Romans in the third or fourth century before Christ, you have to also ask yourself how Gibil would survive to the seventh century after.
The answer to those questions might take us to some very strange places.
Another interesting thing to note also is that the Bible refers to angels as "men" in the stories of Abraham and his family, ie., the Sumerian characters in Genesis. So there obviously seems to have been a tradition identifying this messenger/angel figures as men, rather than as gods, dating back to Sumer.
So what do you think came first: the Latin Lux, "light," based on whatever speculative root, or LU.GIS, taken from a language which was building entire libraries two thousand years before Latin was first spoken?
In other words, which came first, the light or the Light-Bearer?
WHERE IS HE?
So what are we to make of this Gibil, a mysterious, ambiguous, almost Lovecraftian god of obvious importance to the Sumerians and their descendants such as the Babylonians (and apparently the Kurds as well)?
Gibil was the patron of several trades and magical rituals upon which the Sumerians lived and died and yet we're asked to believe he didn't have a single shrine? Or a single depiction of him?
No, something is missing. The question then becomes why, and how far back this all goes. Remember this all has to do to a power struggle, one very much like that taking place in Mesopotamia today.
What we should make note of is that Gibil- who we have not a single depiction of today- was portrayed as a figure of national resistance against an invasion (from Elam, modern-day Iran, probably during the Ur III period) in the story Girra and the Elamatum, or the 'Witch of Elam'. This story- which hailed Girra as the "Light of Mankind"- was so popular it survived into Babylon and even became the basis of a festival.
So there is documented evidence for this god being used exactly in the fashion I am positing occurred during the Sargon era, and for which Gibil is given an "exalted status above his brother gods."
That such a story survived into the Babylonian period provides us with strong evidence that this figure influenced the Biblical and apocryphal writers, and almost certainly the creators of the Lucifer mythos.
A funny thought struck me while doing all this construction work here: what if this LU.GIS.BAR thing is the real reason so many Sumerian texts are still missing?
HE'S ONLY JUST BEGUN...
In many ways we have been dragged back to the days of Sargon and the mountain rebellion, not only in Mesopotamia, but all around the world. And at the same time that mysterious Trans-Plutonian planet the Sumerians called "Nibiru" becomes something more than an Internet rumor.
Funny old coincidence, don't you think?
And in the midst of all this, Gibil seems to have awoken from a very, very long slumber and reinvented himself as a TV star.
I have a very strong feeling this is just the start of his comeback tour.
UPDATE: To give you a sense of how powerful and important this Mesopotamian Lucifer was, I'll quote from a Babylonian magical text used to release a supplicant from the evil curse put upon them:
O blazing Girra, warlike son of Anu, Indeed you are the fiercest among your brothers.
As you decide lawsuits in the stead of Sîn and Šamaš, Judge my case, hand down my verdict. Burn my warlock and my witch, Girra, burn my warlock and my witch, Girra, scorch my warlock and my witch, Girra, burn them, Girra, scorch them, Girra, vanquish them, Girra, consume them, Girra, confound them!
O splendid Girra, preeminent one of the gods, Vanquisher of the wicked and the enemy, vanquish them so I not be wronged. May I, your servant, live and be well so that I may stand before you (and declare): You alone are my god, you alone are my lord, You alone are my judge, you alone are my aid, You alone are my avenger!
Astonishing. Absolutely astonishing.
UPDATE: Several paragraphs of new information added to the top section on Prometheus and his connection to Gibil/Girra.
NOTE: This topic will be picked up at a later date. I need to do some more research and need to get back to some other things. So, we will continue (the Prometheus material plugs the gaps that the Gibil situation seems to leave unfilled) but not for a while yet...