Star Wars Symbol Cycle: A Long Time Ago

Isis became a slave during her search for Osiris

Return of the Jedi is generally seen as the least of the three original films.
A lot of this has to do with the Ewoks, the feral teddy bears that are featured heavily throughout the film. In truth they're no different than the Jawas or any of the other cutesy characters throughout the trilogy. That is, until you get the to the the odious "Yub Nub" production number at the end of the original cut (it literally sent my friends and I out screaming of the movie theater in 1983, as we watched junior high dreams being stomped on).

In fairness, the Ewok scenes are also balanced out by the oppressive darkness of Luke Skywalker's confrontation with the Emperor, the battle for Endor and some riveting action scenes. But it may well be that the Ewoks are there to deflect any criticism over a hidden narrative being uncovered here (and Lucas wisely deleted "Yub Nub" for the film's 1999 re-release). We'll get to that later.

Just as Osiris' casket became the centerpiece in the palace of Byblos, so too is Han

The first act of Return of the Jedi parallels with the Osirian mythos, with the ever-present echoes of the Contendings of Horus and Set. Leia again plays the part of Isis, Solo is Osiris, Chewbacca plays the part of Anubis, C3PO plays the part of Thoth. Jabba is Set to Luke’s Horus (the outer desert is the province of Set in the myths). The action opens back on the desert planet of Tatooine (Jedi repeats several plot points and visuals of the previous films). Han Solo is still entombed in carbonite and under the power of Jabba the Hutt.

Let the Sol shine

Dressed androgynously as a bounty hunter, Leia releases Solo from his carbonite tomb, but is found out by Jabba and his cronies and forced into slavery. This mirrors Isis’ role as slave girl in Phoenicia when she was searching for Osiris’ body. But the process in which Han is freed parallels Isis sneaking into the nursery of the prince of Byblos to burn away his mortality. She too was caught in the act (note that Han has "Sol" in his name).

Luke descends to the Underworld to defeat Death

Luke arrives on the scene and like Hercules (the original global superstar messiah) descends to a symbolic Underworld where he kills a monster that looks suspiciously like Ammit the Devourer. The action moves out to the desert where Jabba intends to feed Luke and Solo to a giant sand monster (the Sarlacc) that recalls both Apohis and a giant orifice (as well as the worms of Dune). The speeding gray hovercrafts stand in for the stone ships which Horus and Set raced. Jabba the Hutt also recalls Baron Harkonnen in Dune, another major touchstone for Lucas in the creation of Star Wars.

Uh, what's that on your chin, Jabba?
Set's favorite food was lettuce, associated with the god Min.
Look it up, but not at work.

Just as Solo and Luke are about to be killed, Luke works his Jedi magic and destroys Jabba along with his entourage (Jedi magic recalls the folklore about the Templars, who were widely believed to be magicians).

More Templar symbolism- the twins share a horse

The scene then changes to the rebel base on Endor. Our heroes meet up with the rebels, who are there to disable the force-field protecting the new Death Star. Fearing he'll endanger the mission because of his psychic link to his father, Luke surrenders to Vader and brought to meet the Emperor.

C3Po initiates the Ewoks into the mysteries of the gods

Luke, Leia, Chewbacca and C3PO then encounter the Ewoks, essentially a race of stone-age teddy bears/protohominids. The Ewoks plan to sacrifice Sol-O-Siris to C3PO, whom they believe is their god (shades of The Golden Bough). Luke’s Jedi magic sways the Ewoks, who then assist the rebels in defeating the Imperial garrison and disabling the force field.

And here are the Merpeople, right on schedule

Luke encounters Emperor Palpatine in orbit over Endor, who demands that he submit to the Dark Side. Luke refuses and the Emperor commands that Vader destroy his son. It is here that Luke and Vader’s roles shift. Luke is still Horus, but Vader is morphing into his new role as Osiris.

Signaling this new identity, Vader rebels and throws the Emperor into a pit, another gaping orifice like the Sarlacc. In doing so, Vader is mortally wounded and dies in Luke’s arms. Luke removes his mask so Vader could die with dignity. Secret Sun readers remember that the removal of the space helmet is often linked to Baptist symbolism, and that Baptist worship is linked to Osiris through Oannes.

Han and Lando share another intimate moment

The new Death Star is destroyed. Vader is then cremated by Luke at a celebration in the woods of Endor and then appears as a ghost along with Yoda and Ben, forming a kind of Trinity.


It becomes clear that Yoda/Merlin is a stand-in for Obi-Wan/Merlin following Yoda's death. Whose ghost does Luke encounter as soon as Yoda mangles his last sentence? Apparently Lucas didn't originally plan to kill Obi-Wan (and Alec Guinness wasn't too happy about it either).

Left: Demeter. Right: Oannes.

The Merman General Ackbar (from "Mon Calimari," of all places) fits smack dab into the exegesis we've been trying to unravel around these parts. The Fishmen seem to be in charge of this war, tying back to Oannes and the Nommo and all of the rest of it. I can't help but think of Robert Temple's claim that the Nommo are in hibernation in Saturnian orbit.

Note Ackbar's partnership with Mon Mothma. This is our Demeter/Cybele/Rhea earth -mother figure. "Mon" is short for mondo, or world, and the "Moth" is Mother with diminutive "Ma" attached. (who's the wiseguy yelling "mothman?") This offers us a tantalizing clue. Ackbar means "Great," and connects us etymologically to the mermen known as the Cabeiri, loyal companions to the Earth Mother from the ancient Mysteries. From
THE KABEIROI (or Cabeiri) were twin gods or daimones (spirits) who presided over the orgiastic dances of the mysteries of Samothrake which were performed in honour of the goddesses Demeter, Persephone, and Hekate. They were also famed metal-workers, dwarf-like sons of the god Hephaistos, who served their father at his Lemnian forge. Like their mother Kabeiro, the pair were also sea-divinities, who protected and came to the aid of sailors in distress.
C3P0 really nails the "messenger of the gods" role in Jedi, translating all over creation. He also repeats that weird dream-logic ritual in which he suffers as the gods do. Remember that Horus lost an eye in battle with Set, and here we see C3p0 lose his as Luke battles Jabba the Sett.

The Emperor's Praetorian Guard remind me of something, I just can't put my finger on it...

...can someone help me out?

Maybe this guy can.

Then there's the new Death Star.

Seeing it in orbit around that green and verdant Endor reminds me of theories circulating in the Exopolitical community that our own moon is so anomalous because it's artificial. Remember that the first time we see the first Death Star, it's referred to as a moon. Watch this:

Some exopol researchers believe that there are still aliens on the Moon, which they say accounts for the fact that there are no serious plans to go back there (or go there period, depending on your POV) even though there are several serious Mars programs in the works.

Which makes this anomalous image from the Moon that many have compared to C3P0, though for some reason it's been called "Data's Head." So if the Death Star is the Moon, what does that make Endor?

The word ‘Endor’ originally comes from the Bible. In 1 Sam 28:4–25, The Witch of Endor used a talisman to commune with the spirits of the dead (note that magic plays a major role in the various Ewok spinoffs). She was consulted by the Hebrew King Saul (“Sol”) to contact the spirit of the prophet Samuel, an inconvenient act of holy necromancy that has driven religious conservatives out of their minds for millennia.

But Endor has another meaning.

JRR Tolkien was another obvious influence for Lucas, and Peter Jackson's masterful Lord of the Rings films gave geeks a new definition of the word "trilogy." It would also give them a new definition of "Endor":
"Middle-earth" is a literal translation of the Old English term Middangeard, referring to this world, and the habitable lands of men. Tolkien translated "Middle-earth" as Endor (or sometimes Endóre) and Ennor in the Elvish languages Quenya and Sindarin, respectively. The north of Endor became the Eurasian land-mass after the primitive Earth was transformed into the round world of today.
Endor is the "land of men."


A long time ago.

So if the Death Star is the Moon and Endor is the Earth, who the hell are the Ewoks?


"Ewoks have a difficult time separating fact from myth.
This may be the great strength of their society."
Voren Na'al Galaxy Guide 5: Return of the Jedi

The Golden God talks about the War in the Stars
and the sufferings of the gods

So how would an Ewok describe Return of the Jedi? He'd say it's about giant aliens who came down from the sky with amazing powers and terrible magic. In the midst of this the Golden God fulfilled the prophecies and walked among the people and taught them the secrets of the gods and about the war in Heaven. The other gods then asked the Ewoks to join them in battle against the demons with their terrible beasts.

The gods defeated their enemies and left Endor, promising one day to return. The shamans and chiefs were entrusted to teach subsequent generations the stories of the gods that the Golden God taught them. Which is essentially the same story told in this book...

Here's Sitchin's (admittedly controversial) version:

Eons ago, the Earth was a battlefield. Mighty armies clashed, led by giant warriors meticulously skilled in the art of combat. These wars would shape man's destiny and live on for centuries in legend, song and religious lore -- brutal and terrible conflicts that began lifetimes earlier on another planet.

In the astonishing third volume of Zecharia Sitchin's The Earth Chronicles, the internationally renowned scholar parts the mists of myth and time to return to the violent beginnings of humanity -- employing ancient text, religious documents and archaeological findings to reconstruct epic events that support the existence of extraterrestrial "god" who once set nation against nation, army against army, and man against man.

Maybe this is why Lucas wanted the Ewoks to be so cloyingly cute. That way if any of his many critics in the religious establishment -- who were already on the warpath about all of the Force stuff -- figured out the story, they'd be laughed at for making such a big deal over a movie about a bunch of teddy bears in space.

Remember also that Lucas himself was on the warpath against Battlestar Galactica, which ended up back on Earth itself with the short-lived Galactica 1980 series. So it might make sense to him to steal that thunder back, but bring the action to Earth in the dim, dark past and do so in a way that would throw the religious parasites off his scent.

As always, there's a precedent for the Ewoks in the Jack Kirby Canon. As we looked at before, Kirby created a comic called Devil Dinosaur, which featured short, fur-covered protohumans interacting with, um, dinosaurs. The Creationists probably loved it, at least until Kirby began stoking his ancient astronaut obsession . Before setting about rewriting the Book of Genesis, Kirby had his protohumans dealing with alien invaders.

There was also a lot of scenes that Lucas may have used for mood, never mind that the ATATs and similar walkers in Jedi were essentially robotic versions of dinosaurs themselves.

So it all ends up on Endor - Earth - with giant gods (to Ewoks, at least) battling with their magic while a neolithic tribal society with no concept of the cosmos outside of their forest watch in amazement.

Lucas said he wanted a primitive society to play a pivotal role in defeating the Empire (his first choice was the Wookies, but decided they were too technologically advanced), but it seems as if the Ewoks are serving another agenda as well. You can't read as many Jack Kirby comics as Lucas seems to have without being punched in the face repeatedly by Kirby's all-consuming obsession with alien gods, especially alien gods given to using Earth as their battlefield.

And the fact remains that pretty much every single major Sci-Fi franchise is essentially about ancient astronauts; BSG, Star Trek, The X-Files, Stargate, Doctor Who, Transformers, Yu Gi Oh, and so on. So it only makes sense that the meme shows up somewhere in the Star Wars Universe. It also explains the ancient mythological elements being tied to futuristic technology, and technology existing in a pre-modern political environment.

What the Star Wars saga then becomes is our story. C3p0 acts like every sky god in our history, teaching the natives about their world and the worlds out there. And the myths that formed the bedrock of the ancient world are the magic that the human imagination can create trying to explain something it experienced but doesn't quite understand.

SYNC LOG UPDATE: Reader Deb points us to this story on HuffPost today, about a forest-dwelling "uncontacted" tribe in Peru. The visual connections between them and the Ewoks (named for an indigenous tribe in California) are striking. Make note of the narrator.

SYNC LOG UPDATE II: Check out this new Volkswagen commercial. Thanks to Reader Jason.


  1. C-Knowles wrote:
    "Kirby had his protohumans dealing with alien invaders."

    And so did Kubrick.

  2. I can't stop laughing (and shuddering) at the uncanny likeness between those images of the Pope and the Emperor!

  3. "And the myths that formed the bedrock of the ancient world are the magic that the human imagination can create trying to explain something it experienced but doesn't quite understand."

    monster like...

  4. Wonderful--mind-blowing stuff!

    As a side note, I wonder if Lucas read H.P. Lovecraft's work. It's my feeling that Lovecraft began the 20th century ancient astronaut craze, and his work influenced Sitchin, Von Danikin, et al.

    Kirby may or may not have read Lovecraft's material. Even if he didn't, he was heavily influenced by writers who were themselves influenced by Lovecraft.

    Thanks, Chris--reading your work makes new synapsis form!

  5. Am I the only Ewokian descendant on the whole of Endor who liked the Yub Lub song and missed it in the new edition? (Holds up lit lighter for lameness)

    Another fascinating post and series-

    Be safe in the weather to all fellow secret sunmates- Delorus

  6. Hm, the way you present it (the two foregoing blogposts of you too)
    its like Lucas heavilly plagiarized J. Kirby.

    care to explain if its your intention to do so?

  7. Chris, you’re a bright guy with a lot of interesting things to say, but I hope you and your readers understand that the theories of people like Sitchin are pure crackpottery that can be disproven with a basic understanding of astronomy and celestial mechanics.

    Alas, all myths are not created equal, and the really amazing thing I’ve discovered is that the scientific truth is actually far more interesting and mind-blowing than anything our myth-makers and crackpots have dreamed up!

  8. C!- Not really. The Monoliths weren't running around shooting at things.

    Tristan- Ain't it a hoot?

    Just- =)

    Scott- You can't help but wonder with all of the Mon Calamari stuff.

    Delorus- Yes, I think you are! =)

    Dynamitros- You tell me.

    Cosmist- Scientific truth acording to whom? I'm not a big Sitchin guy, but regular readers know that and understand the context his work is raised in. Even so, good luck with this new religion you're creating.

  9. Holy...! What an awesome series of posts! I find the LOTR reference interesting since I heard on Coast to Coast a while back a guest who talked about the series' connection to Mesopotamian mythology. Also a while back I sent you a post pertaining to aliens, Eastern mysticism, and the number 23. I don't mean to sound like I'm pestering you but I was just wondering what your input was. Thanks.-Trevor

  10. I take cheap shots like your
    comparison between the Holy
    Father and Palpatine in stride,
    generally, and because I like
    your thoughts about popular
    culture I will not go off on a

    (As if you care anyway if I am
    offended by a cheap shot at the
    Holy Father).


    I like your connections to
    mythology in regards to ROtJ,
    but I also question sources
    of the ," ancient astronaut", theory. None of what Sitchin
    talks about is proof of
    anything but some kind of
    interference in our formation
    as a species.

    Unless you have a time machine
    and a video camera you cannot
    do anything but speculate.

    Even those of us who believe
    in the historical truth of the
    Old Testament still do not
    assume that it was alien beings
    who appeared to the prophets.

    If anything they were fallen

    Was George Lucas really that
    savvy about his stories, to
    implant all those references
    to mythological sagas?

    Once again I assert that all
    artistic creators are drawing
    from the same source, which is
    the collective unconscious.

    Your conclusions about ,"Endor",
    are similar to the stuff L. Ron
    Hubbard came up with about
    ancient astronauts.

    "A war in heaven".

  11. Trevor- I don't remember the post in question. Sorry.

    Pete- They're also drawing from the Collective Conscious too. Which is well-documented as being the case with Lucas. And I wouldn't post your diatribes anyway, so don't sweat it.

  12. Chris -
    LOVED the Volkswagen ad. Just the laugh I needed tonight. Thanks for reposting. Since I'm at it, thanks also for the breakdown of Lucas' saga for us. I've always known he robbed Dr. Doom to pay Darth Vader. Just nice to see it acknowledged here :-)


  13. What is a holy father? What is holy and why? Mind parisites all. To consider the spiritual needs of us hu-man beings is not to consider dogma as relevant. An elite priesthood is the very definition of a mind parisite. I have no sin(define sin) because it is absolved by my Holy Father. What tomfoolery.Chris, I understand your young years were centered around xtianity and most of us young Americans were also. But we have put away such foolish designs on our souls. The new parideim considers Gnosis as key to our spiritual development. The knowledge we have leads to ever more challenging concepts that must be met. To hold on to the pie in the sky is to give up,lay downe and piss on yourself. Dennis Harrison Igou. Shineforth brave souls!

  14. Thrace- It's interesting, Star Wars seems to be in the air again.

    Dennis- Yes, to call a man who orchestrated the sytematic coverup of thousands of sex crimes against children for so many years "holy" is mind-boggling.

  15. Hey Chris,

    This post really is the fairy dust-icing on the synchromystic cake!
    It's phenomenal to watch you put it all together. Throughout your writings you've echoed intuitions and suspicions I've had for years, but you've shaped them into a body of work that is incredibly engaging and lucid.

    Reading this blog has become a strangely personal and spooky part of my life, dude, especially since I started personally commenting on your work. It's a trigger for so many weird synchronicities for me. I guess that's as it should be.

    I've always known that the Star wars trilogy is about our world (all sci-fi is though, right?), and your thoughts about Endor and the Ewoks are bang on the money, IMHO. The 'War in Heaven' is something I've been deeply fascinated by for a long time, to put it mildly.

    I just wondered if figuring C-3PO as the 'golden god' has some further resonance. Is it significant in some oblique way that he is an artificial intelligence? Not only that, but he is capable of paralell processing - for all intents and purposes he is an artifical intelligence with a soul (or a feedback loop).

    How would the Ewoks/proto-hominids even broach a comprehension of this fact? How would they contextualise the fact that their god and the orator of their mystery-religion was an ensouled machine intelligence?

    I mean to say, if they have no concept of technology as such - how would they create a comparable analogy? A god that was not literally real in the same sense that they were? The God of a Thousand Stories, perhaps? A story-telling god literally composed of and by the magic of his companion gods?

    I know I'm playing fast and loose with the associations here, but I feel there's something significant in a meta-context sense that I can't quite grasp.

    Perhaps all I'm picking up on is the natural tension between ideas of naturalism and artificiality, and where that boundary starts to blur in the human experience. Either way, awesome work as usual!


  16. All very well put, Raj. And there's something about story here as well- the power of stories to change our perceptions. We still have that miserable old Puritan bias against storytelling, especially in huge swathes of the so-called alternative community, which is actually infested with crypto-authoritarian impulses (when I was out at Esalen I was really stunned by how puritanical so many people I talked to are). But there is a power in all of this that transcends- or more accurately, eludes- explanation.

  17. Enjoyed reading your posts Chris
    but now that you are done with
    analyzing ROtJ there is nothing
    else you can possibly illuminate
    for me unless you go over the
    entire catalog of Frank Herbert.

    Pope Benedict is a great man and
    despite errors indirectly associated with him he remains

    May everyone who posts comments
    here understand the true Gnostic
    path through the Roman Liturgical



  18. P.S.

    Faith can be beautiful. I'm a guy that has a lot of love for certain kinds of Christian imagery, so absolutely no disrespect is intended to any Catholics out there, or Christians in general - but John Ratzinger is one seriously f*cked up individual.

    If anyone hasn't figured this out yet, then I guess my heart will be heavy for a little while longer.

    This statement has nothing to do with conspiracies as such, or Illuminati name-calling, or tales of paedophile priest-clans (though I don't dismiss any of this in a knee-jerk fashion) - rather it's simply a matter of public record.

    He's just one pitiful guy. Do we REALLY wanna talk about the Throne of the Holy See, or Roman Catholicism in general, or ANY of the abrahamic religions? No we don't, because we're afraid of the cognitive dissonance. My blood boils at the stunning sickness of it all - and I'm just talking about the accepted mainstream version of history.

    Here's the scary thing; the really, really dark stuff is NOT hidden, it's right there out in the open. Anyone willing to do their homework will have to face this blatant truth sooner or later.

    Peace and love to ALL

  19. The post I believe might be the first of the Star Wars Symbol Cycle series. Your posts connecting India and Ancient Astronauts were pretty helpful but I still need to figure out how 23 fits in. However, I should note these seem to be connected to other circumstances, primarily bizarre dreams that I would later use for my movie ideas.-Trevor

  20. perhaps the teddy bears ARE our ancesters...our foreBEARS. Here in England, the land of that similar epic: King Arthur and his 12 jedi knights, are traces of the ancient belief that humans are descended from bears...and northern(arctic=Arktos(greek)=bear) mythology is intertwined with them.
    It is Arthur(Arth(celtic) =bear)...the great bear.. who guards the pole through which human souls enter and leave the physical world.

  21. Well, i try to... the classic "hero s journey", dates way back before Kirby and Lucas, so i would say they both tapped into the collective (un)consciuous and came up with their stories, which (for me) proves that there must have been a plot similar to their stories "long time ago". The universe is fairly old (in human terms) so there may have been periods when there was contact or the possibility of contact throughout the galaxy, with all its ramifications (disputes, alliances, wars, intergalactic romances, etc.)

    Luckily for Lucas he could use technology to tell his tale, whereas J. Kirby only had limited possibilities. the antique had the Iliad and the odyssey , modern times have Star Wars, but it is the same basic principle of the hero's journey, which may be even older than we think (i wouldnt be surprised if other species on other worlds had the same concept of storytelling or somenthing similar to the hero's journey. Its in everything that lives

  22. Pope John is set to become a Saint because he healed a Nun of Parkinson's disease. Yet he was somehow occluded to the sexual deviance of hundreds of the priests that served in his congregations. One Nun healed, thousands of young Christians lives destroyed. Do I call on Pope John if I have Parkinsons, or if I want to sexually abuse a child and get away with it?

    The level of brainwashing necessary to make millions of people accept this IS AN ADVANCED FORM OF BLACK MAGICK. The Church was corrupted by opportunists hundreds of years ago. The ideals of Jesus are incorruptable. The difference between America and American ideals is the same thing. So, if you voted for George Bush, or believe in the sanctity of the Pope, you need to consider the possibility that your mind is not your own. Of course, I could be wrong.

  23. I've been mocked by my friends many times for actually liking the cute, fuzzy Ewoks. If nothing else, I now have an excuse for why that's not shallow! I always knew that there was more to them than just some marketing ploy, even if that was a major part of it.

    C3PO as the Sky God is an interesting choice, as it kind of flies in the face of the typical Indo-European Sky God Archetpye - Big Manly Lightning Bringing Severe Grouchy Patron (Zeus, Tyr, Jupiter, Thor, etc.). He reminds me more of Apollo, or, indeed, Thoth. One of the things I've always appreciated about the Egyptian Gods is the fact that not all of their male figures were testosterone-poisoned rape machines (the ones that were did not tend to be entirely sympathetic figures). I always felt that the gender balance in Egyptian myth was more realistic, or at least for civilized.

    In fact, that's the case for many of the Star Wars characters. They have gender without being the caricatures of sexuality that have become so ingrained in the modern zeitgeist. Han Solo was a manly roughneck, but wasn't afraid to show his love and compassion for others he truly did care about (once he opened up and looked within himself) even the male characters like Luke. It carried none of the leering, homophobic connotations that such honest love would in a modern movie.

    I have always been sad that Leia was the only female character of consequence in the older series. I understand that the audience that it was written for was not looking for strong female roles. I don't think that an artist should necessarily feel required to create a gender balance in their work, either, if it does not fit the theme. I do however think that this lack has turned off many potential female fans, as there are not a lot of characters for a woman to identify with.

  24. Spelling correction: Apohis, or Apophis.


  25. I like the perspective from the Ewoks' point of view. I think it is possible that human culture might be a cargo cult left behind by extraterrestrial visitors from a distant past who just stopped here briefly in their terms. I think the added layers of "meaning" to this would be questionable. That the human race really has any part in their society or even that the extraterrestrials are still present or ever plan on returning is questionable, but it's certainly a great idea.

  26. I seem to recall an interview with Lucas in which he claimed (yeah, I know) that in the beginning he intended the story that would become Star Wars to be a "myth of the future", a very distant human future. I can actually see Star Wars, or a story descended from Star Wars, being the basis of just such a myth.

    I like the Ewoks too. I'm not sure why the things our 14 year old selves liked are "cool" and the things our 7 year old selves liked are "lame".

    I don't know why I should feel guilty for enjoying the spectacle of space teddy bears overthrowing an evil space empire.

    Isn't it "serious" enough?

    Cool is such a hangup.

    Sorry for the rant.

    Oh, and by the way, there was no rebel base on Endor. It was a rebel commando team from the fleet. Let's get it straight, man!

  27. I can see how the Ewoks could have been based on Neanderthals and Chewbacca brings back memories of a TV programme I used to watch as a kid called Rainbow. There was a large bear in that called Bungle, I don't think he talked.
    They certainly got it right with Star Wars, it's still popular now.

  28. Vanya:
    "I have always been sad that Leia was the only female character of consequence in the older series. I understand that the audience that it was written for was not looking for strong female roles. I don't think that an artist should necessarily feel required to create a gender balance in their work, either, if it does not fit the theme. I do however think that this lack has turned off many potential female fans, as there are not a lot of characters for a woman to identify with"

    I was with you for most of your comments but actually totally disagree with this quote at every level. Leia was both strong and feminine. To compare, maybe if 2001 had some strong female roles instead of being so self consciously mythic, it would have been more POPular. (I realize 2001 was a Kubrick film. I have the box set.)

  29. "Oh, they civilize left and they civilize right,
    'Til nothing is left and nothing is right."

    This dynamic is probaby characteristic of all complex 'sky god' races.

    Only thing to do is move on. Where's my Millenial Falcon when I need it. Time to be moving on. Looking for a New End-Or ? :-)

  30. Cool post and still soaking it in, LOL! I remembered trying to research this book
    Lost Book of the Bible - Book of the Wars of Yahweh
    , at one time and just thought you might find it interesting if you have not heard about it. Still enjoying your blog. Thank you.

  31. Ann- I never knew Arthur was associated with the great bear that guards the pole where our spirits enter and leave this earth. Forebears- I love it.

    I always liked the Ewoks because they were a breath of humor and, dare I say it, cuteness for when the Kids and I were watching the vcrs for some afternoon entertainment. And their little Yub Lub song was so happy and every one was hugging and glad to be together- It would have set the Emporer's hair on fire, if he had any. The opposite of his doom marches.

    I agree that Liea was a strong character. We were generally given one per movie and she also had to be pretty nice looking. (Uhura, Wonder Women, The Bionic Woman, etc). There were also the disposable good lookers but we all know the difference between cast characters and eye candy.

    Thanks to all for the good reads and for helping me remember so much good stuff in a new light.

  32. Brilliant!
    Some things about the moon:

    Tsarion mentions the moon being some king of device put there so that it creates a field that stops whatever is amongst us that is not human from escaping to space (don juan's predator?). He says that these beings are speeding up technology so that they can figure a way of escaping this planet. Sounds like "the Event".

    I think that Robert Monroe mentioned the moon as being somekind of spiritual station where souls go to reincarnate again. Gurdjieff said that the moon ate us after we died. And I think Don Juan mentioned something like the Eagle that was sucking the dead person's soul, and ate it, after one dies. Death star... the moon. Interesting.

  33. Great stuff once again, Chris!

    One little thing I wanted to add:

    The scene in which the Ewoks capture Han and Luke, their intentions was to sacrifice them AND preparing them as a feast in honor of their golden god.

    So we have this interesting idea of men wanting to eat the flesh of "divine beings". Now, if you can't find the link here with a certain modern religion, you all missed Sunday school ;)

  34. A couple items you may have mentioned, but ever since I was a kid I thought "Chewbacca" was simply a play on the words "Chew Tobacco." Though it's been much maligned since mass produced as toxic, addictive cigarettes, tobacco was a central substance for Native American religious rituals and became integrated into the Haitian Voodoo rites as well.

    Another odd thing, when I was a kid, I thought Ben Kenobi must've been a clone in the clone wars since his name also sounded like a serial number O-B-1-K-N-O-B (Oh Be One Kay En Oh Be sorta like "2 B R NT 2 B" ;) )

    Remember in Lucas' previous science fiction film, his main character was THX 11-38, so serial numbers as names didn't seem so out of place.

  35. Hey chris,

    Thought I’d indulge in a bit of semiotic world-play, if you'll allow me. The name Endor backwards is rodne. This made me think I should check out the meanings of the name Rodne(y).

    It turns out that Rodney means ‘land near the water’ or ‘Island near the clearing’. It explicitly means ‘Roda’s Island’, and Hrod is Old English for ‘Renown’ – so it’s sometimes translated as Renown Island.

    So, if Endor is tied by (admittedly tenuous) association to ‘Renown Island’, this makes me think of the possible Men of Renown. I’ve heard that term from the bible somewhere... in context with the infamous Nephilim.

    Anyways, just a bit of fun. Thought I’d share that with you. Also, one last fun fact – Roda Island is also a place in Cairo, Egypt (a place with its own host of associations).

    Maybe this word-play is a pointless exercise, maybe not.


  36. There's tons of references, throughout history, and currently, to cryptids known as 'hairy dwarves.'
    Chris-I like your essay about Star Wars far more than Star Wars. Lucas seems to have no knack for the power of myth. He just seems to lift things, plagiarize them, without understanding their power, why they are myths, and just slaps them together. It's an old technique that many writers use. Only Lucas is utterly crappy at it. Not only because he just does a cut and copy riff on everything without any feeling for it, but also because he slaps a wide variety of different myths, sources, together without any real cohesion.
    Throw in awful actors, horrid editing, and you get the usual Lucas mess. This is not to detract from your thoughts on it. Amazing, that people seem to get upset at what you see, as if it's not right!

  37. Re:
    Speaking about
    ...(here's my queue.-)...
    "(who's the wiseguy yelling "mothman?)"

    I've just finished reading
    "The Mothman's Photographer"
    and loved it.
    Here's a part of the 5 star review I gave the book on Amazon;
    " I think Andy sums this book up perfectly for for me,when he says in his quote at the front of the book;
    "While I have come to understand a bit of what it all may mean,there are still deeper layers that go beyond me,to the realm of the collective unconscious.It is most likely there that the only enduring answers can be found."
    If you're a fan of the "Mothman" phenomena,I think you'll find this book speaks to you subconsciously better than any novel on the subject could.
    Eerily good. "

    I think you would like it,Chris,or anyone else who is into the "Mothman" meme.Get a copy and have a flick through it,and I think you'll be sold on it.
    It certainly resonates with this blog.

    Great post on the Star Wars symbol cycle BTW.Not hard to see why it is Secret Sun top story.

    Cheers / Daz

  38. Am I the only one who thinks that when Vader's helmet is removed by Luke, he bears a strong resemblance to Aleister Crowley?

  39. Great work I love reading your blog. The comparison between the Pope and Emperor Palpatine is one of the best examples of a prophetic synch. Their spooky similarity, visually and spiritualy is absolutely spot on. Another one I think is the Death Star's similarity to Iapetus the third-largest moon of Saturn.

    Synchronicities reveal the unfolding of the implicate order like footprints left in the fertile soil of the noösphere.

    But Lucas was not only tapping into the the collective unconscious when he wrote the original trilogy. He was also a student of Joseph Campbell an excellent source for learning how to create a modern day myth.

    "George Lucas was the first Hollywood filmmaker to credit Campbell's influence. Lucas stated following the release of the first Star Wars film in 1977 that its story was shaped, in part, by ideas described in The Hero with a Thousand Faces and other works of Campbell's. The linkage between Star Wars and Campbell was further reinforced when later reprints of Campbell's book used the image of Mark Hamill as Luke Skywalker on the cover.[27] Lucas discusses this influence at great length in the authorized biography of Joseph Campbell, A Fire in the Mind:

    I [Lucas] came to the conclusion after American Graffiti that what's valuable for me is to set standards, not to show people the world the way it is...around the period of this came to me that there really was no modern use of mythology...The Western was possibly the last generically American fairy tale, telling us about our values. And once the Western disappeared, nothing has ever taken its place. In literature we were going off into science that's when I started doing more strenuous research on fairy tales, folklore, and mythology, and I started reading Joe's books. Before that I hadn't read any of Joe's books...It was very eerie because in reading The Hero with a Thousand Faces I began to realize that my first draft of Star Wars was following classic I modified my next draft [of Star Wars] according to what I'd been learning about classical motifs and made it a little bit more consistent...I went on to read 'The Masks of God' and many other books.[28]

    It was not until after the completion of the original Star Wars trilogy in 1983, however, that Lucas met Campbell or heard any of his lectures.[29] The 1988 documentary The Power of Myth was filmed at Lucas' Skywalker Ranch. During his interviews with Bill Moyers, Campbell discusses the way in which Lucas used The Hero's Journey in the Star Wars films (IV, V, and VI) to re-invent the mythology for the contemporary viewer. Moyers and Lucas filmed an interview 12 years later in 1999 called the Mythology of Star Wars with George Lucas & Bill Moyers to further discuss the impact of Campbell's work on Lucas' films.[30] In addition, the National Air and Space Museum of the Smithsonian Institution sponsored an exhibit during the late 1990s called Star Wars: The Magic of Myth, which discussed the ways in which Campbell's work shaped the Star Wars films.[31] A companion guide of the same name was published in 1997."

  40. Oh man. Saw the references to Mon Calamari and connections with the Merpeople/Nummo/Sirius Mystery.
    This was the first thing that hit me...yes, they are from the Expanded Universe (which my husband says is akin to the Biblical Apocrypha lol) but thought i'd post it.

    Particularly interesting is this:

    "Certain xenobiologists in later years suspected that the Melodies as well as the native predators on their homeworld may have been products of Sith alchemy."
    (Genetic manipulation? Huh??)

    Then there is the primary Melodie protagonist...Lyric...

    Interesting that she has red hair. Brings to mind another ginger-haired Siren/Sirian, a character owned by the very company that just purchased LFL. Not to mention, that particular character's daughter is named "Melody"...

    Love the connection with LOTR. When i first saw Fellowship of the Ring i immediately thought that the majestic dwellings of Lothlorien were rather akin to those of the Ewoks.

    I wonder if the Ewoks cutesy-ness is a bastardisation/bowdlerisation/corruption of the actual reality. Back in 1983 the human race may not have been ready for Neytiri and the Na'vi of Pandora (Pandora, Pendora, Pendor, Endor?), or at least the far right would have raised a royal ruckus...

  41. >Which makes this anomalous image from the Moon that many have compared to C3P0, though for some reason it's been called "Data's Head."

    This came from a ST:TNG two-part story, where Data's head is discovered in an abandoned excavation beneath San Francisco - even though Data is on the Enterprise and doing fine. Turns out there was some time travel involved - it's not a great story, but in the end Data loses his head in the mine. The crew brings his headless body back to the ship in their time and attach the "found" head to it, restoring him.

    With all this ancient mythology packed in by Lucas, what to we make of the promises by Abrams et al. to "stay true" to the Star Wars mythos? Are we seeing more such hidden myths? I haven't given it thought before, but I will now.

    And, Vader's Head - the new bad guy (with the forgettable name) has Vader's helmet - and, one assumes, his head - as a personal object of veneration. I thought of everything from the Templars to the Sleestacks when I saw that one! Comment?

    Also, it means the Ewoks got at least one more visit from the stars...