Tuesday, August 30, 2011

Another History of the Knights Templar, Part 7

As we saw in the previous article in this series, The Norman Conquests were far-flung, logistically complex and incredibly expensive. The Norman people were also Christians in name only, with several pagan revanchist campaigns taking place right up to the Norman Conquest of England (and possibly after). Some have argued that the Normans were simply mercenaries for the Venetians, whose maritime empire ruled the waves during the Middle Ages.

The Normans too were intrepid sailors and almost certainly financed their military adventures in part through piracy. From icy Norway they settled in the rainy northwest of France, before establishing island kingdoms in England, Sicily and Malta, in addition to their conquests of Antioch and northern Africa. What could possibly have brought these ostensible Scandinavians to those scattered and unlikely destinations?

Normans occupy North Africa, Malta, Sicily, Antioch and England

Under the Templar flag the Norman Empire would expand into France and Iberia as well as establish strongholds in Jerusalem, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon and Cyprus. The Crusades were the impetus behind all of this empire-building, which Venice was the main financial power behind.

In other words, the Norman/Templars had reconstructed the old Phoenician Empire, almost in its entirety.

The process would be complete with the establishment of a Norman Kingdom in the south of Italy itself, the nation that had crushed the Phoenicians and scattered them to the far corners of the world.

Templar headquarters in the heartland of Ancient Phoenicia

If in fact the Normans had been acting as agents for Venice in this campaign, it adds weight to conspiracy theories that Venice itself was Phoenicia reborn in the heart of Italy.

Venizia was identical to Phoenicia in almost every way- a bustling, cosmopolitan maritime empire built on trade and finance, given to cultural and religious heterodoxy and seen as a den of conspiracy and intrigue.

Given that ethnic Phoenicians the Severans had come to rule Rome as the "Syrian Emperors"- establishing Sun worship as the new state religion- it's not out of the realm of possibility at all that Phoenicians could have come into Italy from North Africa and Asia Minor, assimilated themselves to a certain degree and rebuilt their empire as Christian Rome collapsed into chaos and ruin in the Fifth Century.

Venice did just happen to rise as Rome fell.

Phoenician scarab designs mirrored Sumerian cylinder seals, 3000 years later.
Orthodox historians are terrified of secret intrigues and vast conspiracies, but alternative historians thrive on them. No less a figure than R. Buckminster Fuller believed that the Phoenicians, Venetians and Vikings were kindred peoples. He wrote of the connections between all of these mystery men in Critical Path (1981):
Also in Italy—in the northeastern corner—is Venice, the headquarters of the water-people. The Phoenicians—phonetically the Venetians—had their south Mediterranean headquarters in Carthage in northern Africa. In their western Mediterranean and Atlantic venturings the Phoenicians became the Veekings.

The Phoenicians—Venetians—in their ships voyaged around the whole coast of Italy and sent in their people to each castello, one by one. The Venetians had an unlimited line of supply, and the people inside each castello did not. The people inside were starved out. Thus, all of the regional masters of the people in Italy hated the Venetians-Phoenicians-Veekings who were able to do this.

There being as yet no Suez Canal, the new world power structure centered in the ship mastery of the line of supply finally forcing the Roman Empire to shift its headquarters to Constantinople some ten centuries after the fall of Troy. The Roman emperor-pope's bodyguards were the Veekings-Vikings, the water-peoples' most powerful frontier fighters.
David Icke took this ball and ran with it out the door and down the highway in The Biggest Secret, tracing the Phoenicians back to the Reptilioids of Sumeria. I can't vouch for a lot of his conclusions per se, as they tend to be based on (very) speculative sources. But when dealing with historical mysteries you have to take what you can get, even if what you get includes shape-shifting lizard people from Mars:
The Egyptians knew the Phoenicians as the Panag, Panasa and Fenkha. The Greeks called them the Phoinik-as, and to the Romans they were the Phoenic-es. There is a simple reason why the Egyptians depicted many of their gods with white skin and blue eyes in exactly the same way as other cultures all over the world did. This advanced race, called the Phoenicians, were white skinned and often had blue eyes the same as the reptilian-human crossbreeds and the same, it would appear, as the race from Mars.

Thus we have the Scandinavian races, which were installed by the Phoenicians and other peoples of the same bloodstock and general location...

Once again they travelled under the heading of Phoenicians and they settled in the north of Italy in 466 AD in what is now Venice. These Phoenicians then became known as Venetians. They built a powerful maritime (of course) and financial empire which was based on lending people money that does not exist and charging them interest on it.

The Phoenician-Venetians, under the control of the Babylonian Brotherhood, expanded their wealth and power by war, assassinations, piracy and by ruthlessly manipulating trade and money.
The Black Nobility established close relationships with the bloodline families of Britain and they were behind the invasion in 1066 by another branch of their ‘family’, the Normans of William the Conqueror and the St. Clairs, a family of Viking descent.
OK. So a lot of this seems to be lifted from LaRouche, the Babylon stuff is just snakehandler brainwash and the term "Black Nobility" comes from the 19th Century, not the 11th. But what this demonstrates at the very least is that there are enough connections between the Phoenicians and the Venetians to inspire these kinds of theories. But who were the Phoenicians? And what connection could this ancient people have to the Knights Templar?

More than you could possibly imagine..

Phoenicians pay tribute to Solomon. Note ship design.


The more you learn about the Phoenicians the more mysterious they become. The National Geographic Society has been sponsoring DNA testing throughout Lebanon and Syria to find traces of this vanished people and offered up this brief overview on their website:
The culture later known as Phoenician was flourishing as early as the third millennium B.C. in the Levant, a coastal region now divided primarily between Lebanon, Syria, and Israel. But it wasn't until around 1100 B.C., after a period of general disorder and social collapse throughout the region, that they emerged as a significant cultural and political force.

They grew rich trading precious metals from abroad and products such as wine, olive oil, and most notably the timber from the famous cedars of Lebanon, which forested the mountains that rise steeply from the coast of their homeland. 

The armies and peoples that eventually conquered the Phoenicians either destroyed or built over their cities. Their writings, mostly on fragile papyrus, disintegrated—so that we now know the Phoenicians mainly by the biased reports of their enemies.

Left: Phoenician longboat, 740 BC Right: Norman longboat, 1066 AD
click to enlarge
Although the Phoenicians themselves reportedly had a rich literature, it was totally lost in antiquity. That's ironic, because the Phoenicians actually developed the modern alphabet and spread it through trade to their ports of call. 
Acting as cultural middlemen, the Phoenicians disseminated ideas, myths, and knowledge from the powerful Assyrian and Babylonian worlds in what is now Syria and Iraq to their contacts in the Aegean.
Those ideas helped spark a cultural revival in Greece, one which led to the Greeks' Golden Age and hence the birth of Western civilization. The Phoenicians imported so much papyrus from Egypt that the Greeks used their name for the first great Phoenician port, Byblos, to refer to the ancient paper. The name Bible, or "the book," also derives from Byblos. - National Geographic
The influence the Phoenicians had on the Greeks was overwhelming, particularly when it came to mythology:
Many of the Greek gods and heroes were admitted to be Phoenician, including Heracles...Dionysus, Cadmus...Semele, the Cabiri, Oedipus, Phoenix, and many others. — William Fink; Classical and Biblical Records Identifying the Phoenicians
Left: Phoenician alphabet Right: Norse Runes
click to enlarge
Much, much more on that later. The Phoenicians not only influenced Greek culture, they had a profound influence on Jewish culture, as well as the esoteric traditions which can be traced all the way up to modern Freemasory:
King Solomon, King Hiram of Tyre, and Hiram Abiff came together to build Solomon's Temple in 966 BC. That temple became an integral part of Freemasonry, providing everything from the layout of the lodge room with its pillars of Jachin and Boaz to the rituals of craft Masonry, Royal Arch, and higher degrees.
King Hiram and Hiram Abiff were Phoenicians from the city of Tyre. The significance of this is that the wonderfully complex and richly textured Phoenician society turns out to have a number of similarities to Freemasonry.
One of these was the strong Phoenician penchant for secrecy in shielding their affairs from outsiders. -- "Phoenician Secrets," Sanford Holst


The rise of the Phoenicians from just another Canaanite tribe to fabulously wealthy globe-trotters wasn't spontaneous. It was presaged by the arrival of the mysterious Sea People, nomads who seem to have had a powerful influence on the Phoenicians, one that historians-- orthodox historians, at least-- have struggled to sort out ever since.
Relentless attacks by groups known as the Sea Peoples around 1200 BC virtually destroyed all the major powers of the Mediterranean, and cleared the way for the rise of the Greeks, Romans and Western civilization. Surprisingly for such a pivotal moment in world history, the events which took place at that time are not well understood and are widely debated. Many theories have been advanced to explain these times, and their participants have been declared to come from Anatolia, or the Aegean, or even Atlantis.
(I)n the midst of a cataclysm which destroyed almost every city in the eastern Mediterranean area—the Phoenician cities remained untouched....an event which changed the course of history. -- "Phoenicians: A Critical Turning Point in History", Sanford Holst
Ignatius Donnelly had no doubts who the Sea Peoples were or why they chose to recruit the Canaanites/Phoenicians to join them on the high seas. Orthodox history might shrug their shoulders but to researchers like Donnelly the Sea Peoples were nothing less than the remnant of Atlantis:
The extent of country covered by the commerce of the Phoenicians represents to some degree the area of the old Atlantean Empire. Their colonies and trading-posts extended...from the shores of the Black Sea...to the west coast of Africa and of Spain, and around to Ireland and England; from the Baltic to the Persian Gulf...Strabo estimated that (Phoenicians) had three hundred cities along the west coast of Africa. When Columbus sailed to discover a new world, or re-discover an old one, he took his departure from a Phoenician seaport, founded by that great race two thousand five hundred years previously.

All of the known variations of the Templar cross
were used as solar crosses by the Phoenicians
thousands of years before the Crusades

(click to enlarge)
Aside from its island colonies, The Phoenicians had a strong presence on the North Africa and the Iberian peninsula, and particularly at the Pillars of Hercules and Gibraltar. Archaeologists have found a temple to Hercules at the entrance to the Meditteranean in what's now called Gorham's Cave.

The best-selling author of the Templar novels is Phoenician

It's believed by many researchers that the twin columns Boaz and Jachin from the Phoenician-designed Solomon's Temple are in fact a representation of the Pillars of Hercules, a secret symbol of the Phoenicians planted in the heart of Jerusalem itself.


The Phoenicians were known to have traveled far beyond the Pillars of Hercules. Greek historians recorded that they circumnavigated Africa. But is it possible they went much farther than that?

Scientists have long been stumped by traces of western drugs like cocaine and tobacco in Egyptian mummies, but the secretive Phoenicians- who jealously guarded their trade routes --may well have been the source of this mysterious, trans-Atlantic trade. From "The Phoenician Theory":

Ibarra Grasso has identified two Phoenician ships on the centre slabs of the temple of Sechim, in the Casma Valley, on the coast of Peru. These ruins are generally considered to be some three thousand years old.
Even more extraordinary are the discoveries made by Bernardo Silva Ramos. (Ramos) spent over twenty years in the Amazon rainforest...photographing and copying 2,800 stone inscriptions, identifying the majority of them as Phoenician and others as Greek.
The oriental scholar Lienhardt Delekat has established that the characters on the ParaĆ­ba Stone are of Canaanite origin . The stone, which broke into four pieces after it was discovered on a plantation, totally disappeared, but copies of the inscription were made before this occurred. It was discovered on September 11, 1872 and might well be proof that Phoenician sailors reached Brazil two thousand years before the official discovery of America.
Lienhardt Delekat's translation reads as follows: ‘We are children of Canaan, from the city of Sidon. We are a nation of traders. Our ship is beached on this far-off mountainous coast and we want to make a sacrifice to the gods and goddesses. In the 19th year of Irma's reign, we set sail from Ezlon Geber across the Red Sea, with ten ships...."
Historians are more confident in the Phoenician presence in England, where established a presence in Devon and Cornwall in their search for tin (needed in the smelting of bronze). Given that Phoenicians were among the earliest Gentile converts to Christianity (although almost certainly Gnostic Christianity, in light of the Phoenician penchant to heterodoxy and Syncretism, which we'll discuss in the next installment) it's no surprise they played a part in the early church's activities in Britain:
The strong tradition tying Joseph of Arimathea with Glastonbury and the Phoenician tin trade with Cornwall may have strong thread of truth that ties them together. The only known sailors who came from the Eastern Mediterranean to Britain were Phoenician. Hence, the elementary conclusion is that Joseph of Arimathea, if he really made the trip(s), must have done it on Phoenician ships.-- Britain, Phoenicia's Secret Treasure, and its Conversion to Christianity
Long before that, it's highly probable that the Phoenicians were the conduits of the dissemination of Shemsu Hor Sun worship to the Celtic peoples and perhaps the establishment of Druidry itself...

NEXT: Ba'albek, The Druids, Christian Rosenkreutz and the New Atlantis


  1. ZOWIE!!! what a thread you've pulled here, still trying to digest it all

    might throw some Tsarion into the mix

    Phoenicians (aka: Venetians)

  2. This whole series is simply superb! Thank you for writing this.

  3. This is fantastic, I'm really enjoying reading it. I've added a couple of pics to my blog which I though you'd like.


  4. ...and here is a link that you might like to check out. There are underground tunnels beneath Devizes castle that extend throughout the town and across Wiltshire which are said to have been used by the Templars, I'm not sure if they connect up with the ones in Hertfordshire or not but I wouldn't be at all surprised if they do.

  5. Hey Chris,

    Another seriously fascinating post. This is such a scholarly piece of work. I know my comments are usually vague and little more than poetic speculations, but reading this post got my spidey sense tingling. Still trying to digest it all.

    I kind of wonder sometimes if the ancient civilisations weren’t far more sophisticated with regards to figurative communication and thinking than we’ve been led to believe. If a dissident group of merchant-magicians can essentially rebuild a culture within the heart of a civilisation that formerly scattered them – this suggests to me that as well as being extremely skilled in all the real world details of logistics and application, they were also extremely adept at figurative communication.

    This speculation might have some truth to it especially if certain intrigues and conspiracies had to be conducted virtually out in the open. From the ashes the phoenix is reborn.

    This kind of makes me wonder if the phoenix is potentially a symbol of an ancient scattered culture, homeless and in loco parentis, but held together through some strange unity of purpose. A symbol of potentialities and inevitability – a figurative depiction of the collective blood-soul of a people almost entirely obscured myth, legend and misunderstandings.

    I tend to think of human blood-chemistry as the ‘firelight voice’ of the body. What if the phoenix is something like this too – a depiction of something scattered but dynamic enough to eventually regroup with added power and resonance?

    Maritime trading and conquests inspired and fuelled by the phoenix? Water and fire? The combination of water and fire in the right amounts produces stream, something that could perhaps be seen as analogous to the spirit, or even rarefied spirit.

    Just my random thoughts and associations. Whatever the truth of these matters, I feel like these past few posts are shaping up to be extremely fascinating and full of import. You’re educating me with this stuff, Chris. Even if I don’t yet fully understand its details or context, I can always sense the presence of import. So to speak. Great work!


  6. Hey again, Chris,

    I just wanted to add that the mention of the 'people of the book' feels very resonant. It made me think of Mr Book from Dark City - and the archetypal battle of the spirit and the word. Not to say that the Strangers of that movie are symbolic of the Phoenicians. Just my association.

    But beyond that, 'the people of the book' feels to me like an ancient phrase - as though that concept or its appropriate equivalent has been around for as long as human history, and maybe a lot further. I have absolutely no evidence to base this on, but I feel that this phrase is intimately connected to our AAT history as well as the Phoenicians.

    In a playful mood I'd imagine this scenario:

    "The original book was fabled to have been written by the ocean itself, in all languages and all symbols. But at some point the notion of word-spirit-process began to change, to fragment. A schism was born. And with it factions arose, and bitterness, where before there was only unity through multiplicity. This created the first war - the War of Imagination. In time the Second War was inevitable - The War of Information. Soon there were numerous factions all claiming to be the original 'people of the book'. This world had its factions too, of an old story finding expression in human affairs. But then the tempest-sea claimed our human version of the book, until groups rose up out of the sea and tried to regather its drowned pages and keep or exploit its secrets."

    The pages are still scattered, in a sense, and maybe it's the oldest story - told throughout the universe in its appropriate equivalents.

    Fanciful, I know. But perhaps with a grain of oblique truth at its center.


    1. "The people of the book" ('ahel elkitab' in Arabic}is a term mentioned in the Koran few times. Mainstream Islamic scholars define it or attribute it to Christians and Jews. Somehow that definition didn't resonate with me much though I accepted as such. Now this brings a completely new twist to that phrase!

  7. Hi Chris,

    Thank you for all your hard work. I looked up the wikilink and saw El Khourys' original meaning was 'Priest' same as El Cohen. I wonder if the name is related to The Kouretes ( The Daemons ), the Greek et al.,name for the later Jungian Archetypes that protect the Psyche against trauma. I'm including a links for your consideration and hope you find them of use. Cheers "The Cultural Complex and Archetypal Defenses of The Collective Spirit: Baby Zeus,Elian Gonzales, Constanines Sword, and Other Holy Wars" (2006)Singer, T. NB Singer also refers to Donald Kalscheds work which is relevant too. http://www.cgjungpage.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=801&Itemid=40 [also] http://iaap.org/articles/psyche-and-culture/the-cultural-complex-and-archetypal-defences-of-the-collective-spirit.html

  8. One of the most important opera houses in Venice is called La Fenice, build in the 18th century. Probably this says a lot.

    Outstanding work, Chris!

  9. So then. The eagle has landed.

  10. Guys, I'm a bit handicapped at the moment because my power is out due to the storm aftermath and I'm typing on an IPad, but thanks for the comments as always.

    One thing I should clear up is that I believe what the Normans were conducting here was a parallel Crusade, one being conducted on behalf of Phoenician sponsors in Italy. So I guess I agree more with Larouche than Fuller or Ickes, though we know from DNa sampling in Lebanon that there was a lot of intermarriage. I believe the Phoenicians were an IndoEuropean people with a Semitic language and were mostly likely Sumerians who were pushed out of Iraq by Semitic invasions from Arabia. I think the racialist revisionism in Nazi and Afrocentric circles is grotesque.

    The important part of this story will be the links to Sumeria up to the so-called Arab Spring. Keep an eye on Phoenicia today, meaning what is happening in Syria and Lebanon.

    1. most israeli archeologists would credit the phonecians aka philistines and the equally atlantean egyptians for most israelite culture.
      this also means that nazi and islamic blaming of the jews for an international conspiracy is as off target as ethnocentric jewish folklore. before rothschild was phoenicia/ venizia is.

  11. Some ritualistic aspect, perhaps? It was apparently set on fire during renovations several years ago, after already having gone through a few fires in previous incarnations (hence, "The Phoenix").

    La Fenice's associations with Giuseppe Verdi... don't know as much about him, as my interests gravitate towards German opera. Still, there are some operas of possible interest: Nabucco (Nebuchadnezzar) and Aida, which premiered in Cairo and is set in no particular timeframe (just "Ancient Egypt").

    Hmmm... the Met's Nabucco synopsis ID number is 17.


  12. Chris, I've been busy as of late, and I really had the time to acknowledge this series, but some incredible research, and a real mind-blower in many respects. Thanks again.

  13. Hello,

    First time visitor and really enjoying your take on things. It kind of reminds me of myself but you are a lot more knowledgeable on the historic interpretations.

    So you mention in the comments the connection to what is going on right now. What is your take on the Libya 'oil war' takeover?

    Are we seeing some kind of take back scenario by the ruling classes who are trying to mimic the ancients?

  14. Chris - I've been reading your blog regularly for a few years. This is the best series I've read by you. I hope you make this a 33 part series, or consider writing it into a book. You have an original and interesting take on this, and one which deserves to be heard by others.

  15. Hey Chris, re: your request for info regarding the 'Arab Spring' and links betwixt the UK,Phoenicians,Libya,Syria et al.,please check out this link (encs). I realise this is a bit off subject and a little politcal but I include it impartially and neutrally as an item of academic interest only.All the best and thank you for all your hard work. Cheers. http://z13.invisionfree.com/julyseventh/index.php?showtopic=774

  16. Hi, There is a symbol on this page that I really need to find it's meaning. I am in the process of making this symbol a logo for my company. I thought I made it up with my web designer.

    The issue is, I did this before. I got a symbol tattooed (thinking I knew it's meaning) and discovered almost 10 years later that the tattoo is a templar symbol. Image my surprise then I seen this other symbol showing up on a web site about templars.

    I am baffled by this. Any direction would help ~ my email is direct2erin@gmail.com I can email you the photo and number of the symbol. Maybe you can point me into the right direction so I can do the research. Thank you ~ Erin T. Murphy